Writing Analytical Essays: Ultimate Guide

What is an Analytical Essay?

An analytical essay is writing that introduces and presents an argument. To analyze is to discuss and explain. Put, it is an argumentative literal work in which an author gives an idea and provides claims in support of the concept. The design can be a criticism or interpretation of an event or a piece of art (Bucks, 2007).

Penning down any academic work can be tiresome and challenging to accomplish. However, the hurdles should not stop you from pursuing and achieving your writing goals – for instance, working on your academic assignment. Every piece of writing should stick with great determination to the specific point of development or the central idea. The idea should be developed systematically through a set of paragraphs, all of which contribute to exploring the central idea. This improves the reader’s digest of the primary topic.

Three principles are invaluable when writing an analytical essay:

  • The essay must have a central idea presented in a thesis to govern the essay’s development.
  • The essay must revolve around the central idea
  • Every part of the article must be organized to contribute to the development and understanding of the central idea.

It is noteworthy, stating that analyzing is not summarizing. If you peruse through an essay and it “tastes” more like a report, then it’s probably a summary of characters or events in that work. An analysis involves relating your argument to the main point (called the thesis statement). Remember that an analytical essay has a narrow scope than does a summary.

This easy-to-swallow, stepwise approach presented in this article will shed some light on the insight of getting your analytical work done. Flow with us.

Pre-Writing Preparations

Before embarking on an analysis task:

  • Identify the main idea (thesis) to write about. The thesis statement declares the purpose of your work
  • Approve your thesis to inform the reader of the issue you want to address
  • Revise relevant material on the topic and develop an essay outline (see image below) that will guide the development of the idea.

Writing Your Analytical Essay

There are several ways to format your analytical essay, and however, despite the route taken, your writing should have the three main sections:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
  3. Conclusion

Let’s discuss the nitty-gritty of these subsections of our analytical essay.


  • The introduction should be captivating to the reader’s interest. To ensure focus on the subject, use a startling statement, anecdote, quotation, or provocative question.
  • Always include the title of your work and the author’s name.


  • This section develops the central idea of the analysis.
  • Use at least three paragraphs (called developmental items) to support your thesis statement. These paragraphs should contain an explanation of an idea, supported by evidence from the text.
  • Each paragraph should begin with a topic statement that outlines a topic associated with your thesis and have a good transition from one to another article.


· The essay should have a concluding paragraph that signifies completeness of your work, giving your reader a sense of closure. It may contain a summary of the main points developed or a personal comment about your real work, though from a different viewpoint.

Post-Writing: A Little Housekeeping

Post-writing activities would include:

  • Checking your work for grammatical errors and typos
  • Reading the paper aloud before a friend to identify and eliminate complicated assertions.
  • Ensuring character’s(s’) details – name and location – are correctly captured.